Legislation

You will find here important european and international texts about molluscs commercial exchange and diseases control.

  European Union legislation

You can access here to the main text of the european legislation dealing with diseases of molluscs. Many other texts are all available on EUR-LEX website. You can refer to the Aquaculture page of the Maritime Affairs website and the DG Health and Consumers website of the European Commission for more texts related to the aquaculture legislation in Europe.

The Council Directive 2006/88/EC

The Council Directive 2006/88/EC on "Animal health requirements for aquaculture animals and products thereof, and on the prevention and control of certain diseases in aquatic animals" has been published on the 24th of October 2006. The annex IV, part II gives the list of exotic and non exotic diseases to be immediately notified to the national competent authority:

:

Disease

Susceptible host species

Infection with  Bonamia ostreae 

Australian mud oyster ( Ostrea angasi), Chilean flat oyster ( O. chilensis), Olympia flat oyster ( Ostrea conchaphila), Asiatic oyster ( O. denselammelosa), European flat oyster ( Ostrea edulis) and Argentinian oyster ( O. puelchana).

Infection with  Marteilia refringens 

Australian mud oyster ( Ostrea angasi), Chilean flat oyster ( O. chilensis), European flat oyster ( Ostrea edulis), Argentinian oyster ( O. puelchana), blue mussel ( Mytilus edulis) and Mediterranean mussel ( M. galloprovincialis)

:

Disease

Susceptible host species

Infection with  Bonamia exitiosa 

Australian mud oyster ( Ostrea angasi) and Chilean flat oyster ( O. chilensis).

Infection with  Perkinsus marinus 

Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas) and Eastern oyster ( C. virginica).

Infection with  Mikrocytos mackini 

Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas), Eastern oyster ( C. virginica), Olympia flat oyster ( Ostrea conchaphila) and European flat oyster ( O. edulis).

The commission implementing decision 2015/155 of 11 September 2015 lay down rules for the application of Directive 2006/88/EC as regards requirements for surveillance and diagnostic methods (B. ostreae and M. refringens).

The new Animal Health Law: Regulation (EU) 2016/ 429

The regulation (EU) 2016/429 on "transmissible animal diseases and amending and repealing certain acts in the area of animal health (Animal Health Law)" was adopted in March 2016 and will enter into force in April 2021.

The commission implementing regulation 2018/1882 on "the application of certain disease prevention and control rules to categories of listed diseases and establishing a list of species and groups of species posing a considerable risk for the spread of those listed diseases" was published in December 2018.

The annex set out the categories of each listed diseases.

Name of listed diseases

Category of listed disease

Infection with Mikrocytos mackini

A+D+E

Infection with Perkinsus marinus

A+D+E

Infection with Bonamia exitiosa

C+D+E

Infection with Bonamia ostreae

C+D+E

Infection with Marteilia refringens

C+D+E

Disease category definitions  :

(1)     ‘category A disease’:means a listed disease that does not normally occur in the Union and for which immediate eradication measures must be taken as soon as it is detected, as referred to in Article 9(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429;

(2)     ‘category B disease’:means a listed disease which must be controlled in all Member States with the goal of eradicating it throughout the Union, as referred to in Article 9(1)(b) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429; (3)

(3)     ‘category C disease’:means a listed disease which is of relevance to some Member States and for which measures are needed to prevent it from spreading to parts of the Union that are officially disease-free or that have eradication programmes for the listed disease concerned, as referred to in Article 9(1)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429;

(4)      ‘category D disease’:means a listed disease for which measures are needed to prevent it from spreading on account of its entry into the Union or movements between Member States, as referred to in Article 9(1)(d) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429

(5)     ‘category E disease’:means a listed disease for which there is a need for surveillance within the Union, as referred to in Article 9(1)(e) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429

Useful links

EUR-Lex
FVO (Food and Veterinary Office)
EU DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs
EU DG Health and Consumer Protection

  International Organisations

OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health )
 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations)
 ICES (International Commission for Exploration of the Sea)
WTO
ISO

Disease category definitions according t Regulation 2018/1882o :

(1)     ‘category A disease’:means a listed disease that does not normally occur in the Union and for which immediate eradication measures must be taken as soon as it is detected, as referred to in Article 9(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429;

(2)     ‘category B disease’:means a listed disease which must be controlled in all Member States with the goal of eradicating it throughout the Union, as referred to in Article 9(1)(b) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429; (3)

(3)     ‘category C disease’:means a listed disease which is of relevance to some Member States and for which measures are needed to prevent it from spreading to parts of the Union that are officially disease-free or that have eradication programmes for the listed disease concerned, as referred to in Article 9(1)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429;

(4)      ‘category D disease’:means a listed disease for which measures are needed to prevent it from spreading on account of its entry into the Union or movements between Member States, as referred to in Article 9(1)(d) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429

(5)     ‘category E disease’:means a listed disease for which there is a need for surveillance within the Union, as referred to in Article 9(1)(e) of Regulation (EU) 2016/429